A lot of people don’t know what is varicose veins and in this article you will read all the necessary information about it and what is the most useful – how to prevent it. The presence of enlarged veins, even if they do not yet bother, already carries a great danger to life, as at any moment the most dangerous complication can occur-thrombophlebitis. Clots formed in varicose veins can come off and get into vital organs, which often lead to death.
With this disease, damaged valves allow blood to penetrate into the superficial venous system, as a result of which there is an increase in pressure, which leads to their expansion. The blood flow slows down, the supply of tissues to oxygen decreases, ulcers develop.
Varicose veins causes:
• hereditary vascular weakness;
• long static loads;
• sedentary lifestyle;
• taking hormonal drugs;
• leg injuries;
• lifting the severity, overload (for example, the sudden onset of active training after several years of sedentary lifestyle);
The risk group includes people who are forced to stand on their feet for hours, to work at computer, etc. during the working day. In the sitting position, the veins located in the upper part of the thigh and the small pelvis are somewhat pinched. Hence, movement on them slows down. Therefore, "sedentary" professions also ultimately lead to the onset and development of the disease. At the same time, young and old people are equally at risk. Also in the risk group are:
• those who wear high heels;
• athletes (tennis, weightlifting, bodybuilding);
• and those who, although working sitting, but very much like at this time to throw a foot on the leg;
• lovers of coffee and alcohol, because these products dehydrate the body and thereby thicken the blood, complicating its path back to the heart.
How to recognize the disease:
If by the end of the day you feel heaviness in your legs, and your favorite shoes become tight because of slight edema, then this is the first signs. Periodically occurring cramps, pain in calves should also alert. Visible changes in the veins usually begin with a small - with the appearance of vascular asterisks. Further irreversible processes occur in large veins, they come to the surface, their walls in some places become thinner and they look nodular.
The main varicose veins signs:
• Pain in the legs;
• Feeling of heat and burning in the legs along the veins;
• Swelling in the evening;
• Nocturnal cramps in the legs;
• Dilated veins;
• Darkening and thickening of the skin of the legs;
• Trophic ulcers.
If you have initial these signs, then the observance of fairly simple rules will allow slowing down, and in some cases also to avoid its further development:
• Do not get carried away by hot baths, sauna, and long stay in the sun. All of the above reduces venous tone, leading to stagnation of blood in the lower limbs.
• Move more. Strengthen the veins and improve blood circulation will help regular exercise. Aerobics, running, swimming in a moderate mode contribute to the improvement of your veins.
• Reduce weight. Particularly susceptible to this disease are people who are overweight. In the blood vessels of a full person there is more blood than a person with normal weight, therefore, such vessels have too much workload. People with overweight in this situation can give only one tip - to lose weight and keep your weight constantly in the norm.
• Do not wear tight clothing, stockings and socks with tight elastic bands, as this leads to compression of the veins. But supporting tights and stockings to some extent help prevent varicose veins.
• Evenly alternate loads, never staying for a long time in the same position.
• Do not sit on your leg! When throwing one knee to another, an obstacle is created in the path of the blood flow.
• Move. This disease can cause a prolonged standing, because in this case the normal blood flow is disturbed. Try to move the weight if you have to stand for a long time. Long sitting also will not do you good: try to get up from time to time and move around the room or walk every half hour.
• Cellulose. To avoid constipation, include in the diet foods rich in fiber. Frequent constipation also increases the likelihood of illness. Try to limit salt intake to avoid swelling.
Useful advice: if, after a long working day or just at the end of the day, you feel heaviness in your legs, then during rest or sleep try to keep your legs above your body, that is, as if in a raised state. If at work you have a lot to sit or, on the contrary, a lot to stand, then try to change the position of your legs as often as possible, i.e. if you stand, then step from foot to foot, step on the spot, if you sit - do the rotation of the feet. Also, doctors advise after taking a shower rinse your feet with cold water.