What is Atarax?

in Medication Info on .

Atarax and its analogues have a pronounced sedative effect and moderate anxiolytic activity. This product can stimulate cognitive ability, improve attention and memory. Mental dependence and addiction do not occur, after prolonged use of this medicine withdrawal syndrome is not observed. Anticholinergic, antihistaminic, antispasmodic effects are also the properties of this medicine. Atarax 10 mg (there are also other available doses) relieves spasm of smooth muscle, thus causing bronchodilator and analgesic effects, has an antiemetic effect and has a moderate inhibitory effect on gastric secretion. Many traditional drugstores sell this medicine as well as any best rated online pharmacy. In treatment of hives, dermatitis, eczema, etc, Atarax (Hydroxyzine its active ingredient) has also proved to be a reliable assistant.

Hydroxyzine is taken by those who want to:

Eliminate anxiety and increased excitability of the nervous system

During abstinence in people suffering from alcohol dependence

Therapeutic treatment for psychoneurotic disorders

As part of complex treatment in the postoperative period and after some injuries


For reduction of internal stress, generalized anxiety, restoration of adaptation processes, in the complex therapy of somatic diseases

For elimination of signs of eczema, itchy dermatoses, hives, atopic dermatitis

For antiemetic action 

The responses of doctors testify that the medication is not recommended to people:

Suffering from glaucoma

With hypertrophy of the prostate (prostate)

People with increased seizure activity

Patients with myasthenia

Patients who have been diagnosed with renal and hepatic insufficiency

For dementia patients

The drug is absolutely contraindicated for:

Pregnant women

Patients with porphyria

In the period of breastfeeding (for the period of treatment it is necessary to refuse breastfeeding)

With allergic manifestations to the active substance (also in cases where hypersensitivity was previously observed to other derivatives of cetirizine, aminophylline, piperazine or ethylenediamine)

In the period of labor activity

How about Atarax side effects? Patients may have drowsiness, general weakness, dizziness, and headache at the beginning of therapy with Hydroxyzine. The responses of the patients taking this medication indicate the following:

Allergic reactions, increased heart rate, nausea

Urinary retention, constipation

Dryness of visible mucous membranes, increased sweating

Visual impairment (possible violation of accommodation)

Lowering blood pressure, increasing the enzymatic activity of the liver


Very rare are cramping, tremor and problems with orientation, ataxia, and paradoxical excitement and increased motor activity.

This product is prescribed orally or in the form of intramuscular injections. Atarax doses depend on many factors including the age of the patient and the form in which the drug is released.

Instructions for use say that when symptomatic therapy for anxiety syndrome in adults, the recommended dose is 25 to 100 mg of the active substance during the day. The most commonly used dose is 125 mg in the morning and the middle of the day and 25 — in the evening.

For children in the preoperative period, use 1 mg / kg of the body weight the day before and 60 minutes before the procedure.

For the purpose of premedication, adults are given Hydroxysine at a dose of 50-200 mg inside or in the form of intramuscular injection (15-25 mg per kg) one hour prior to surgical intervention. In order to relieve itching, an effective dose is from 25 to 100 mg of the drug in 3-4 doses. For children from one year to 6 years of age, the dose of the medicine does not exceed 1-25 mg per kg of body weight per day in several doses. The same dosage regimen works for children aged 6 years and above. The maximum daily dosage is 300 mg. Maximum single Atarax dose — 200 mg. For the elderly, the therapy starts with the smallest effective dose. Hepatic and renal insufficiencies require correction of doses of the drug. Medical professionals warn that in order to achieve the fastest therapeutic effect, the solution is administered intramuscularly, deeply at a dose of 50-100 mg at once. It is recommended to administer the drug in 4-6 doses per day. In psychiatry, the drug is used in a dose of up to 300 mg per day. The duration of this therapy is 4 weeks. In case of side effects such as weakness, drowsiness that do not stop within a few days, the dose should be reduced.

With the simultaneous introduction of Hydroxyzine with Adrenalin, the latter's effectiveness is reduced. The drug has an enhancing effect on the sedative effect of analgesics of the narcotic series, alcoholic beverages, tranquilizers, barbiturates, drugs used for hypnotic purposes, and other drugs that suppress the CNS. Not recommended co-administration of this substance with MAO inhibitors or choline blockers. When combining this product with phenytoin, the anticonvulsant effect of the latter decreases. Simultaneous use of this medicinal product with cholinesterase blockers is dangerous. Combination of inhibitors of liver enzymes and Atarax often leads to increasing the plasma concentration of Hydroxyzine. Simultaneous therapy with drugs that suppress the function of the central nervous system, or with cholinoblockers, requires dose correction. With great care, the drug should be prescribed to patients with a tendency to arrhythmia, or to those who use antiarrhythmics, as well as those who are prone to convulsive manifestations.

Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages when you are taking Atarax for anxiety or for other purposes. If your doctor says that he or she is going to do tests for allergic reactions, the use of Atarax tablets should be canceled for 5 days before the prescribed tests. Caution is required when using the drug during driving by drivers and patients whose occupation requires high concentration of attention. It should be borne in mind that the use of injectable forms is possible only in the form of intramuscular injections. Subcutaneous administration of the product or penetration of the latter into large vessels may provoke tissue damage. Therapy with this medicine can cause false allergic test results.

In childhood, the use of this product to treat hyperactivity, reduced concentration of attention helps the child to be self-confident, focused and attentive, eliminating a sharp change in mood. At the same time, when using the drug Atarax the instructions for use convinces that the activity and cheerfulness of the child remain the same. Side effects are rare.

From the numerous Atarax reviews it follows that it has calming effect and improves self-confidence to a greater extent than many other drugs. With panic attacks and insomnia, this substance promotes better and more durable sleep. True, the cancellation of the drug for the first few days negatively affects the process of falling asleep, but in principle, the effect of therapy is very encouraging.

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